Department of Health and Human Services

Part 1. Overview Information
Participating Organization(s)

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Components of Participating Organizations

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Funding Opportunity Title

Partnerships for Development of Therapeutics and Diagnostics for Biodefense (R01) 

Activity Code

R01 Research Project Grant

Announcement Type

New

Related Notices

None

Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) Number

RFA-AI-12-017

Companion FOA

None  

Number of Applications

See Section III. 3. Additional Information on Eligibility.

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s)

93.855; 93.856  

FOA Purpose

This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) issued by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health (NIH), invites research applications for projects that support preclinical development of lead candidate therapeutics or diagnostics against NIAID Category A, B, or C priority agents. Applications must include a Product Development Strategy attachment and demonstrate substantive investment by at least one industrial participant.  

Key Dates
Posted Date

December 16, 2011

Open Date (Earliest Submission Date)

March 24, 2012  

Letter of Intent Due Date

April 24, 2012  

Application Due Date(s)

May 24, 2012, by 5:00 PM local time of applicant organization.

AIDS Application Due Date(s)

Not Applicable

Scientific Merit Review

September, 2012  

Advisory Council Review

January, 2013  

Earliest Start Date(s)

April, 2013

Expiration Date

May 25, 2012  

Due Dates for E.O. 12372

Not Applicable

Required Application Instructions

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed to do otherwise (in this FOA or in a Notice from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts). Conformance to all requirements (both in the Application Guide and the FOA) is required and strictly enforced. Applicants must read and follow all application instructions in the Application Guide as well as any program-specific instructions noted in Section IV. When the program-specific instructions deviate from those in the Application Guide, follow the program-specific instructions. Applications that do not comply with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

Table of Contents

Part 1. Overview Information
Part 2. Full Text of the Announcement
Section I. Funding Opportunity Description
Section II. Award Information
Section III. Eligibility Information
Section IV. Application and Submission Information
Section V. Application Review Information
Section VI. Award Administration Information
Section VII. Agency Contacts
Section VIII. Other Information

Part 2. Full Text of Announcement

Section I. Funding Opportunity Description

Purpose

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health (NIH), supports extramural research focused on understanding, controlling and preventing diseases caused by virtually all infectious agents. In response to threats presented by bioterrorism and emerging infectious diseases, the NIAID Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (DMID) has established research programs to facilitate development of countermeasures for certain pathogens and toxins.

Through this FOA, the NIAID invites research applications for projects focused on preclinical development of lead candidate therapeutics or medical diagnostics that address one or more NIAID Category A, B, or C priority pathogens and toxins (agents) (http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/BiodefenseRelated/Biodefense/research/CatA.htm). For the purpose of this FOA, “lead candidate” is defined as a candidate (therapeutic or diagnostic/diagnostic technology) for which proof-of-concept data have been obtained; “preclinical development” is defined as all activities beyond lead candidate identification (therapeutics) or assay/platform/prototype development (diagnostics). Examples of research areas may include: lead optimization; safety evaluation; stability testing; manufacturing; adaptation of products or platform technologies to biodefense applications; development of broad spectrum platforms and/or production technologies; optimization of products; process development; scale-up; production of quantities sufficient for preclinical regulatory requirements; and diagnostic validation. 

Industrial Participation

All applications submitted to this FOA must demonstrate substantive investment in the project by at least one industry participant. For the purpose of this FOA, "industry" is defined as large or small, domestic or foreign, pharmaceutical, biotechnology, bioengineering, and chemical companies. “Substantive investment" is defined as a significant commitment of one or more resources including, but not limited to: product development support/guidance, personnel, in kind contributions of materials and/or reagents (i.e. chemical libraries, innovative biotechnology platforms, scale up of Good Manufacturing Process (GMP) chemical synthesis or production, etc.), provision of animal or other laboratory models for evaluation, subcontracts, data management resources, regulatory support, or alterations/renovations of facilities or provision of equipment to address biohazard concerns.  The Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) of the project may be affiliated with either industry or an academic organization; however, if the PD(s)/PI(s) is from academia, an industrial partner must be identified in the application.  Since academic organizations are often the source of new candidate products, collaborative partnerships between researchers from academic (or non-profit) and industrial disciplines are encouraged.

Background

The NIH and other agencies in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) support development of countermeasures to protect the public from bioterrorist threats and emerging infectious diseases. The biological agents deemed to pose the greatest threat are prioritized in the NIAID Category A, B and C priority agents list. The initial NIAID Strategic Plan for Biodefense Research was published in 2002 and followed by research agendas for Category A agents and Category B and C agents (http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/BiodefenseRelated/Biodefense/about/Pages/strategicplan.aspx). In 2007, the DHHS Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasure Enterprise (PHEMCE) published an Implementation Plan (http://www.hhs.gov/aspr/barda/phemce/enterprise/strategy/index.html), outlining strategies for identifying medical countermeasure requirements and establishing priorities for their research, development and acquisition.

In 2007, NIAID published an updated Strategic Plan for Biodefense Research (http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/BiodefenseRelated/Biodefense/Documents/biosp2007.pdf) that is consistent with the DHHS PHEMCE Implementation Plan and related components of the national biodefense strategy. The updated plan continues to focus on translation of basic research to product development, but with an emphasis shift from the current “one bug-one drug” approach towards a more flexible, broad spectrum approach. This approach is centered on development of countermeasures that are effective against multiple pathogens or toxins, development of technologies that can be widely applied to improve classes of products, and developing platforms that can reduce the time and cost of creating new products. The broad spectrum approach recognizes the expanding range of biological threats and the limited resources available to address each individual threat.

Research Goals and Objectives

The objective of this FOA is to support preclinical research that will advance the development and/or production of lead therapeutics or medical diagnostics specific for NIAID Category A, B, or C priority agents. To meet the objectives outlined in the NIAID Strategic Plan for Biodefense Research, it is imperative that lead candidates/technologies are transitioned rapidly to preclinical product development. Applicants are encouraged to read the updated NIAID Strategic Plan for Biodefense Research (http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/BiodefenseRelated/Biodefense/Documents/biosp2007.pdf) before preparing an application.

As part of the Research Strategy section, each application must propose a research and development project whose goal is to advance an already identified lead candidate therapeutic and/or diagnostic focused on one or more NIAID Category A, B or C agents. Research projects are not required to result in a "final" product.  Moreover, it is not necessary to propose to complete the product development process up to the point of readiness for clinical trials or validation within the time frame of the project. Applications that would significantly advance a candidate product toward clinical or field usefulness are responsive. Descriptions of each of the priority areas and examples of possible research projects are discussed below.

NOTE: While clinical development strategies may be included within an overall project, this FOA will NOT support clinical trials; applications requesting support for clinical trials will be deemed unresponsive to this FOA and will not be reviewed. Utilization of human-derived material in pre-clinical studies in support of compliance with regulatory requirements is permitted and encouraged.

NOTE: PD(s)/PI(s) are strongly encouraged to obtain expertise in regulatory matters associated with product development. Expertise may be retained as defined effort or may be included as periodic consultation on specific issues.

NOTE: Applications which do not propose work on a lead candidate(s) with proof-of-concept will be deemed non-responsive and will not be reviewed.

NOTE:  Applications that do not include substantive industry participation will be deemed non-responsive and will not be reviewed.

Therapeutics for Biodefense

Development of safe and effective antimicrobials against biodefense agents and emerging pathogens is a high priority. Applications for preclinical development of a therapeutic that targets a NIAID Category A, B, or C priority agent are invited, with particular interest in therapeutics targeting antibiotic-resistant pathogens and/or pathogens for which no standard clinical treatment exists.

The NIAID Strategic Plan for Biodefense Research emphasizes development of broad spectrum therapeutics. An anti-infective characterized by broad spectrum activity might target a common, invariable, or essential component of different classes of microbes and potentially be effective against traditional and non-traditional agents. Applications for development of either a broad spectrum anti-infective against multiple NIAID Category A, B, or C agents, or a broad spectrum anti-infective against a non-listed agent that would also protect against a listed NIAID Category A, B, or C agent, are encouraged.  Applications proposing development of a therapeutic against a non-listed antibiotic-resistant pathogen must focus on development of a broad-spectrum therapeutic; for these projects, applicants must clearly describe the broad-spectrum capability of the proposed therapeutic technology.

Therapeutics projects may include, but are not limited to, one or more of the following preclinical product development activities:

Immunotherapeutics for Biodefense

Applications for preclinical development of immune-based therapeutics, including both broad-spectrum (innate immunity) and pathogen- or toxin-specific (antibodies) immunotherapeutics that target a NIAID Category A, B, or C agent are invited. Major objectives for lead candidates developed under this research program include prevention of infection or intoxication in the face of an immediate threat, protection of immunocompromised individuals, and post-exposure treatment to suppress infection and disease. Projects focused on compounds that directly affect pathogens/toxins and/or approaches to stimulate non-specific immunity are encouraged. Passive treatments may be especially valuable during the acute emergence of infectious diseases and may complement the use of antimicrobial drugs or vaccination programs to optimize protection.

Immunotherapeutics projects may include, but are not limited to, one or more of the following product development activities:

Innate immunity:

Antibodies:

Diagnostics for Biodefense

This initiative will support development of diagnostics to rapidly identify NIAID Category A, B or C agents and their resistance profiles. Diagnostics are needed to identify infectious agents or toxins in diverse clinical samples (swabs, sputum, blood, serum, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, stool, etc.) from individuals at multiple stages of infection/intoxication. Thus, diagnostics applications must focus on detection and identification of biological threat agents in human clinical samples. Multiplexed diagnostics, as well as those able to provide diagnostic information on potential early, non-specific symptoms are particularly encouraged. Medical diagnostics that use platforms to simultaneously detect multiple agents and their drug sensitivities in clinical specimens and to rapidly distinguish whether an individual is infected/intoxicated with a biological threat agent or a common infection with similar, generalized symptoms are of high priority. It is anticipated that the medical diagnostics developed through this initiative will aid healthcare providers in diagnosing individuals exposed to and/or infected/intoxicated with aforesaid agents and will be developed with the eventual and ultimate goal of obtaining FDA clearance. However, FDA clearance need not be the final result of the proposed research project period.

Features of proposed medical diagnostics:

To be eligible for this FOA, applicants must propose development of a previously identified candidate diagnostic technology and include corresponding proof-of-concept data demonstrating feasibility. Applications for diagnostics in the final design stage(s) of product development in preparation for manufacture and validation are especially encouraged. All applications for research projects focused on diagnostics should include in the Research Strategy:

Diagnostic platforms/technologies projects may include, but are not limited to, one or more of the following areas:

NOTE: Applications proposing research in the following areas will be considered non-responsive and will not be reviewed:

Section II. Award Information
Funding Instrument

Grant

Application Types Allowed

New
The OER Glossary and the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide provide details on these application types.

Funds Available and Anticipated Number of Awards

The NIAID intends to commit $9.3 million in total costs in FY2013 to fund 10 to 15 applications in response to this FOA.

Award Budget

Budgets for direct costs of up to $750,000 per year may be requested. In addition, applicants may request up to a total of $300,000 for major equipment in the first year of the award to ensure that research aims can be met and biohazards can be contained.

Award Project Period

Scope of the proposed project should determine the project period. The maximum period is 5 years.   

NIH grants policies as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement will apply to the applications submitted and awards made in response to this FOA.

Section III. Eligibility Information

1. Eligible Applicants

Eligible Organizations

Higher Education Institutions

The following types of Higher Education Institutions are always encouraged to apply for NIH support as Public or Private Institutions of Higher Education:

Nonprofits Other Than Institutions of Higher Education

For-Profit Organizations

Governments

Other

Foreign Institutions

Non-domestic (non-U.S.) Entities (Foreign Institutions) are eligible to apply.
Non-domestic (non-U.S.) components of U.S. Organizations are eligible to apply.

Foreign components, as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, are allowed.

Required Registrations

Applicant organizations must complete the following registrations as described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide to be eligible to apply for or receive an award. Applicants must have a valid Dun and Bradstreet Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number in order to begin each of the following registrations.

All Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) must also work with their institutional officials to register with the eRA Commons or ensure their existing eRA Commons account is affiliated with the eRA Commons account of the applicant organization.

All registrations must be completed by the application due date. Applicant organizations are strongly encouraged to start the registration process at least 4-6 weeks prior to the application due date.

Eligible Individuals (Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s))

Any individual(s) with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to carry out the proposed research as the Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) (PD(s)/PI(s)) is invited to work with his/her organization to develop an application for support. Individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups as well as individuals with disabilities are always encouraged to apply for NIH support.

For institutions/organizations proposing multiple PD(s)/PI(s), visit the Multiple Program Director(s)/Principal Investigator(s) Policy and submission details in the Senior/Key Person Profile (Expanded) Component of the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide.   

2. Cost Sharing

This FOA does not require cost sharing as defined in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

3. Additional Information on Eligibility

Number of Applications

Applicant organizations may submit more than one application, provided that each application is scientifically distinct.

NIH will not accept any application in response to this FOA that is essentially the same as one currently pending initial peer review unless the applicant withdraws the pending application. NIH will not accept any application that is essentially the same as one already reviewed.

Section IV. Application and Submission Information

1. Requesting an Application Package

Applicants must download the SF424 (R&R) application package associated with this funding opportunity using the “Apply for Grant Electronically” button in this FOA or following the directions provided at Grants.gov.

2. Content and Form of Application Submission

It is critical that applicants follow the instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, except where instructed in this funding opportunity announcement to do otherwise. Conformance to the requirements in the Application Guide is required and strictly enforced. Applications that are out of compliance with these instructions may be delayed or not accepted for review.

For information on Application Submission and Receipt, visit Frequently Asked Questions – Application Guide, Electronic Submission of Grant Applications.

Letter of Intent

Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows IC staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan the review.

By the date listed in Part 1. Overview Information, prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information:

The letter of intent should be sent to:

L.-Yong Gao, Ph.D.
Division of Extramural Activities
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Room 3127, MSC-7616
6700-B Rockledge Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892-7616
Zip code for express couriers:  20817-7616
Phone: 301-443-8115
FAX: 301-480-2408
Email: gaol2@niaid.nih.gov

Required and Optional Components

The forms package associated with this FOA includes all applicable components, mandatory and optional.  Please note that some components marked optional in the application package are required for submission of applications for this FOA. Follow all instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide to ensure you complete all appropriate “optional” components.

Page Limitations

All page limitations described in the SF424 Application Guide and the Table of Page Limits must be followed.

PHS 398 Research Plan Component

All instructions in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide must be followed, with the following additional instructions:

ADDITIONAL APPLICATION COMPONENTS

Product Development Strategy

Applicants are required to include a Product Development Strategy made up of a Milestone and Timeline component and a Product Development Plan Component (see below).  This should be a  separate attachment to Item #12 in the Research and Related Other Project Information Component of the application (See the Application Guide SF424 Adobe Forms Version B, Section 4.4 “Other Project Information Component”). The Product Development Strategy attachment must be in pdf format with a filename of “Product_Development_Strategy.pdf.” The Product Development Strategy must include two sections entitled, “Milestones and Timeline”, and “Product Development Plan”. Applications lacking a required component of the Product Development Strategy section will be deemed non-responsive and will not be reviewed. The overall Product Development Strategy is limited to 12 pages. See below for more information on these required components. (Note: Applicants should not add attachments to Item #12 in the Research and Related Other Project Information Component to circumvent page limits.)

Milestones and Timeline. Applicants are required to provide detailed project performance and timeline objectives in a section entitled “Milestones and Timeline.” This section must be no more than 5 pages and must include:

Product Development Plan. Applicants are required to provide detailed development plans in a section entitled “Product Development Plan”. This section must be no more than 7 pages and must include:

Additionally, the Product Development Plan must include descriptions pertaining to preclinical product development activities pertaining to the product proposed. For the purpose of this FOA, “preclinical” is defined as all activities beyond lead candidate identification or diagnostic assay/platform/prototype development. Please see below for a list of points to be discussed as part of the Product Development Plan based on the type of product proposed.

Product Development Plans for therapeutic (and immunotherapeutic) projects should summarize:

Product Development Plans for diagnostics projects should summarize:

When appropriate and as part of the Product Development Plan, applicants must document compliance with guidelines that govern GLP, as defined by 21 CRF (58), and cGMP, as defined by 21 CRF (211), manufacturing and/or IND/IDE enabling studies that will be performed under the project award as they would be applicable to eventual product licensure in the U.S. Applications for projects involving cGMP manufacture should ensure inclusion of appropriate personnel to provide regulatory guidance before, during and after manufacture.

Major Equipment

Applicants may request up to a total of $300,000 for major equipment to ensure that research aims can be met and biohazards can be contained. Funds for equipment must be included in the first year requested budget with justification, and are in addition to the $750,000 direct cost limit. Unapproved equipment requests that exceed $300,000 will not be considered for funding.

Biosafety and Biocontainment

In addition to addressing select agent requirements, applicants must address issues related to physical or facility security and biocontainment and biosafety pertinent to the specific agent(s) of interest. Guidance on appropriate biocontainment and biosafety measures can be found in the Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL) 5th Edition as found on the CDC website: http://www.cdc.gov/OD/ohs/biosfty/bmbl5/bmbl5toc.htm. Guidelines for Institutional Biosafety Committees are available at: http://oba.od.nih.gov/rdna_ibc/ibc.html

Mandatory Meetings

A mandatory 1 day progress review meeting will be held annually at the NIAID, or at a site designated by the NIAID Program Official, during which the Principal Investigator and appropriate Key Personnel will present project accomplishments. Requested budgets must include funds for travel by the Principal Investigator and key personnel to an annual meeting in Bethesda, Maryland (USA), or to a relevant scientific meeting, as determined by NIAID Program staff. The NIAID Program Official will be present. A critical determinant of success will be the degree of communication between the Principal Investigator, Project Leaders and other significantly involved parties. Therefore, in addition to the one meeting listed above, additional meetings, which may be necessary for coordination of project activities, may be scheduled if justified. Regular telephone and written communication with the NIAID Program Official is considered to be very important and is strongly encouraged.

Resource Sharing Plan

Individuals are required to comply with the instructions for the Resource Sharing Plans (Data Sharing Plan, Sharing Model Organisms, and Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS)) as provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide, with the following modification:

Appendix

Do not use the Appendix to circumvent page limits. Follow all instructions for the Appendix as described in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

Foreign Institutions

Foreign (non-US) institutions must follow policies described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, and procedures for foreign institutions described throughout the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

3. Submission Dates and Times

Part I. Overview Information contains information about Key Dates. Applicants are encouraged to submit in advance of the deadline to ensure they have time to make any application corrections that might be necessary for successful submission.

Organizations must submit applications via Grants.gov, the online portal to find and apply for grants across all Federal agencies. Applicants must then complete the submission process by tracking the status of the application in the eRA Commons, NIH’s electronic system for grants administration.

Applicants are responsible for viewing their application in the eRA Commons to ensure accurate and successful submission.

Information on the submission process and a definition of on-time submission are provided in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

4. Intergovernmental Review (E.O. 12372)

This initiative is not subject to intergovernmental review.

5. Funding Restrictions

All NIH awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Pre-award costs are allowable only as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.   

6. Other Submission Requirements and Information

Applications must be submitted electronically following the instructions described in the SF 424 (R&R) Application Guide.  Paper applications will not be accepted.

Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.

For assistance with your electronic application or for more information on the electronic submission process, visit Applying Electronically.

Important reminders:
All PD(s)/PI(s) must include their eRA Commons ID in the Credential field of the Senior/Key Person Profile Component of the SF 424(R&R) Application Package. Failure to register in the Commons and to include a valid PD(s)/PI(s) Commons ID in the credential field will prevent the successful submission of an electronic application to NIH.

The applicant organization must ensure that the DUNS number it provides on the application is the same number used in the organization’s profile in the eRA Commons and for the Central Contractor Registration (CCR). Additional information may be found in the SF424 (R&R) Application Guide.

See more tips for avoiding common errors.

Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for completeness by the Center for Scientific Review and responsiveness by components of participating organizations, NIH. Applications that are incomplete and/or nonresponsive will not be reviewed.  

Post Submission Materials

Applicants are required to follow the instructions for post-submission materials, as described in NOT-OD-10-115.

Section V. Application Review Information

1. Criteria

Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process. As part of the NIH mission, all applications submitted to the NIH in support of biomedical and behavioral research are evaluated for scientific and technical merit through the NIH peer review system.

Overall Impact

Reviewers will provide an overall impact/priority score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood for the project to exert a sustained, powerful influence on the research field(s) involved, in consideration of the following review criteria and additional review criteria (as applicable for the project proposed).

Scored Review Criteria

Reviewers will consider each of the review criteria below in the determination of scientific merit, and give a separate score for each. An application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact. For example, a project that by its nature is not innovative may be essential to advance a field.

Significance

Does the project address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved? How will successful completion of the aims change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field? Is this project likely to significantly advance the development of a therapeutic or diagnostic against one or more of the specific biologic threat agents identified in this initiative? If the aims of the application are achieved, are important biomedical agents or products likely to result? 

Investigator(s)    

Are the PD(s)/PI(s), collaborators, and other researchers well suited to the project? If Early Stage Investigators or New Investigators, or in the early stages of independent careers, do they have appropriate experience and training? If established, have they demonstrated an ongoing record of accomplishments that have advanced their field(s)? If the project is collaborative or multi-PD(s)/PI(s), do the investigators have complementary and integrated expertise; are their leadership approach, governance and organizational structure appropriate for the project?  Do the regulatory personnel possess the appropriate expertise to guide cGMP manufacture and/or related processes (if applicable)? 

Innovation

Does the application challenge and seek to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms by utilizing novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions? Are the concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions novel to one field of research or novel in a broad sense? Is a refinement, improvement, or new application of theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions proposed?   Does the research proposed in each project leverage multi-disciplinary involvement to accelerate therapeutics or diagnostics product development, many aspects of which may not be inherently innovative? In addition, does the approach represent the best use of current or emerging technologies and appropriate collaborations to achieve the research objectives?   

Approach

Are the overall strategy, methodology, and analyses well-reasoned and appropriate to accomplish the specific aims of the project? Are potential problems, alternative strategies, and benchmarks for success presented? If the project is in the early stages of development, will the strategy establish feasibility and will particularly risky aspects be managed? 

If the project involves clinical research, are the plans for 1) protection of human subjects from research risks, and 2) inclusion of minorities and members of both sexes/genders, as well as the inclusion of children, justified in terms of the scientific goals and research strategy proposed?  

Environment

Will the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Are the institutional support, equipment and other physical resources available to the investigators adequate for the project proposed? Will the project benefit from unique features of the scientific environment, subject populations, or collaborative arrangements?       

Additional Review Criteria

As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will evaluate the following additional items while determining scientific and technical merit, and in providing an overall impact/priority score, but will not give separate scores for these items.

Product Development Strategy

Does the Product Development Strategy adequately address the specific Research Goals and Objectives described in the FOA? Are the Milestones appropriate and feasible? Is the proposed Product Development Plan feasible and appropriate for proposed and future product development?  Is the Plan consistent with achieving the goals of this program?

Protections for Human Subjects

For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria: 1) risk to subjects, 2) adequacy of protection against risks, 3) potential benefits to the subjects and others, 4) importance of the knowledge to be gained, and 5) data and safety monitoring for clinical trials.

For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR Part 46, the committee will evaluate: 1) the justification for the exemption, 2) human subjects involvement and characteristics, and 3) sources of materials. For additional information on review of the Human Subjects section, please refer to the Human Subjects Protection and Inclusion Guidelines.

Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Children 

When the proposed project involves clinical research, the committee will evaluate the proposed plans for inclusion of minorities and members of both genders, as well as the inclusion of children. For additional information on review of the Inclusion section, please refer to the Human Subjects Protection and Inclusion Guidelines.

Vertebrate Animals

The committee will evaluate the involvement of live vertebrate animals as part of the scientific assessment according to the following five points: 1) proposed use of the animals, and species, strains, ages, sex, and numbers to be used; 2) justifications for the use of animals and for the appropriateness of the species and numbers proposed; 3) adequacy of veterinary care; 4) procedures for limiting discomfort, distress, pain and injury to that which is unavoidable in the conduct of scientifically sound research including the use of analgesic, anesthetic, and tranquilizing drugs and/or comfortable restraining devices; and 5) methods of euthanasia and reason for selection if not consistent with the AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia. For additional information on review of the Vertebrate Animals section, please refer to the Worksheet for Review of the Vertebrate Animal Section.

Biohazards

Reviewers will assess whether materials or procedures proposed are potentially hazardous to research personnel and/or the environment, and if needed, determine whether adequate protection is proposed.

Resubmissions

Not Applicable.

Renewals

Not Applicable.

Revisions

Not Applicable.

Additional Review Considerations

As applicable for the project proposed, reviewers will consider each of the following items, but will not give scores for these items, and should not consider them in providing an overall impact/priority score.

Applications from Foreign Organizations

Reviewers will assess whether the project presents special opportunities for furthering research programs through the use of unusual talent, resources, populations, or environmental conditions that exist in other countries and either are not readily available in the United States or augment existing U.S. resources. .

Select Agent Research

Reviewers will assess the information provided in this section of the application, including 1) the Select Agent(s) to be used in the proposed research, 2) the registration status of all entities where Select Agent(s) will be used, 3) the procedures that will be used to monitor possession use and transfer of Select Agent(s), and 4) plans for appropriate biosafety, biocontainment, and security of the Select Agent(s).

Resource Sharing Plans

Reviewers will comment on whether the following Resource Sharing Plans, or the rationale for not sharing the following types of resources, are reasonable: 1) Data Sharing Plan; 2) Sharing Model Organisms; and 3) Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS). .

Budget and Period of Support

Reviewers will consider whether the budget and the requested period of support are fully justified and reasonable in relation to the proposed research.

2. Review and Selection Process

Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by (an) appropriate Scientific Review Group(s)in the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, in accordance with NIH peer review policy and procedures, using the stated review criteria. Review assignments will be shown in the eRA Commons.

As part of the scientific peer review, all applications:

Appeals of initial peer review will not be accepted for applications submitted in response to this FOA.

Applications will be assigned to the appropriate NIH Institute or Center. Applications will compete for available funds with all other recommended applications submitted in response to this FOA . Following initial peer review, recommended applications will receive a second level of review by the National Advisory Allergy and Infectious Diseases Council l. The following will be considered in making funding decisions:

3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates

After the peer review of the application is completed, the PD(s)/PI(s) will be able to access his or her Summary Statement (written critique) via the eRA Commons

Information regarding the disposition of applications is available in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Section VI. Award Administration Information

1. Award Notices

If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH will request "just-in-time" information from the applicant as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

A formal notification in the form of a Notice of Award (NoA) will be provided to the applicant organization for successful applications. The NoA signed by the grants management officer is the authorizing document and will be sent via email to the grantee’s business official.

Awardees must comply with any funding restrictions described in Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions. Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to begin performance. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NoA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs.      

Any application awarded in response to this FOA will be subject to the DUNS, CCR Registration, and Transparency Act requirements as noted on the Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants website.

2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements

All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General  and Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities. More information is provided at Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants.

Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award

Not Applicable.

3. Reporting

When multiple years are involved, awardees will be required to submit the Non-Competing Continuation Grant Progress Report (PHS 2590) annually and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

A final progress report, invention statement, and the expenditure data portion of the Federal Financial Report are required for closeout of an award, as described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement..

The Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (Transparency Act), includes a requirement for awardees of Federal grants to report information about first-tier subawards and executive compensation under Federal assistance awards issued in FY2011 or later.  All awardees of applicable NIH grants and cooperative agreements are required to report to the Federal Subaward Reporting System (FSRS) available at www.fsrs.gov on all subawards over $25,000.  See the NIH Grants Policy Statement for additional information on this reporting requirement. 

Section VII. Agency Contacts

We encourage inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from potential applicants.      

Application Submission Contacts

Grants.gov Customer Support (Questions regarding Grants.gov registration and submission, downloading or navigating forms)
Contact Center Phone: 800-518-4726
Email: support@grants.gov

GrantsInfo (Questions regarding application instructions and process, finding NIH grant resources)
Telephone 301-435-0714
TTY 301-451-5936
Email: GrantsInfo@nih.gov

eRA Commons Help Desk(Questions regarding eRA Commons registration, tracking application status, post submission issues)
Phone: 301-402-7469 or 866-504-9552 (Toll Free)
TTY: 301-451-5939
Email: commons@od.nih.gov

Scientific/Research Contact(s)

Dr. Michael Schaefer
Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Room 3613, MSC-6604
6610 Rockledge Drive
Bethesda, MD  20892-6604
Telephone:  (301) 451-3758
E-Mail: mschaefer@niaid.nih.gov

Peer Review Contact(s)

 L.-Yong Gao, Ph.D.
Division of Extramural Activities
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Room 3127, MSC-7616
6700-B Rockledge Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892-7616
Zip code for express couriers: 20817-7616
Phone:  301-443-8115
FAX: 301-480-2408
Email: gaol2@niaid.nih.gov

Financial/Grants Management Contact(s)

Cassandra L. Fields
Division of Extramural Activities
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Room 2245, MSC-7614
6700B Rockledge Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892-7614
Phone: 301-594-6355
FAX: 301-493-0597
email: fieldscass@niaid.nih.gov 

Section VIII. Other Information

Recently issued trans-NIH policy notices may affect your application submission. A full list of policy notices published by NIH is provided in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement.

Authority and Regulations

Awards are made under the authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and under Federal Regulations 42 CFR Part 52 and 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92.


Weekly TOC for this Announcement
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices


Office of Extramural Research (OER) - Home Page Office of Extramural
Research (OER)
  National Institutes of Health (NIH) - Home Page National Institutes of Health (NIH)
9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland 20892
  Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) - Home Page Department of Health
and Human Services (HHS)
  USA.gov - Government Made Easy


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